Country: Timor-Leste

Region: Ermera

Farm: Raimutin Wet Mill

Altitude: 1400-1600 masl

Variety: Hibrido de Timor, Moka, Typica

Processing: Honey


Sourced by Raw Material.



Having found its sovereignty in 2002, Timor-Leste

is one of the world’s youngest countries. As the

the country finds stability, the development of the

the agriculture sector is rapidly becoming an important

pillar for the structural transformation of the

country’s economy.

Timor-Leste currently faces enormous economic

upheaval, as its oil reserves begin to run dry. In its

place, coffee is set to become that nation’s most

vital export. In Timor-Leste, our work is currently

focussed namely in the municipality of Ermera. One

of thirteen municipalities in the country, it is home to

the largest coffee production volumes, whilst almost

60% of the municipality's population live below the

poverty line. Coffee is Timor-Leste’s most important

crop, and with the end of oil income, improving the

coffee sector is of critical importance. Coffee is the

second-highest earner for the country after oil, with

37% of households dependent on coffee for


However, productivity is extremely low, alongside

profitability which is both low and volatile. This is

because almost all coffee is sold in the commodity

market for a discounted C price. Globally, we use a

framework to compare options of where and how

we work in terms of potential for economic and

social impact. We met with groups of producers in

villages across Atsabe to hear about how the coffee

market has served them in recent history.


Together we developed a plan for a prosperous
future through:
1 Sustainably raising and maintaining the quality of Atsabe’s coffee predictably above 80 points
2 Connecting with those roasters who want to commit long-term

3 Systematically solving the diverse challenges laying along the path to selling in the speciality market; financial, legal, cultural, infrastructural, technical etc.

The Raimutin Wet Mill
Our first custom wet mill and processing centre in
Timor Leste was built in April 2018, in Atsabe,
Ermera. All designed in-house, this processing
centre uses gravity to move coffee through the
stages; no double handling, no unnecessary
machinery. We drew upon our experience working
in many other coffee-producing countries to
combine elements that would most likely improve
Ermera’s coffee quality given the unique set of
challenges facing the region. Each section of the
the plan uses materials that are local and readily
The Raimutin Wet Mill serves as a central hub for
processing the cherry of the producers we work
with across the Ermera municipality. Sitting at 1400
MASL, the wet mill has served not only as a place to
purchase, process, and dry cherry, but as a meeting
point for the village chiefs and neighbourhood
leaders, and Raw Material. Expanding the reach of
speciality coffee as a viable option for profitable
returns includes the importance of training. The
Atsabe Wet Mill has successfully served as the hub
for training courses in both cultivation, picking, and
processing for local producers.